What is Logistics for eCommerce and How it Works ?
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Logistics for eCommerce
As the owner of an ecommerce company, you’ll need to get acquainted with the logistics process. A vital component of every company today, but this is particularly true in the ecommerce industry. Back-end logistics management is critical to the success of any organisation. Because you don’t have a physical storefront to keep goods, you must depend on third parties to assist you in storing and shipping your items and services. This is critical for fundamental time management — as well as for your company’s financial health.
When it comes to running an online shop or marketplace, ecommerce logistics refers to the procedures involved in keeping and delivering goods, which include inventory management as well as the selecting, packaging, and shipping of online orders.
With millions of parcels being sent throughout the nation on any given day, it is critical that mechanisms be in place to keep them on track and ensure that they are delivered to the correct location in a reasonable amount of time.
Ecommerce logistics begins with the movement of goods from the manufacturer and continues until the merchandise reaches the final destination of the end consumer. Digital fulfilment is one of the most important components of ecommerce logistics, and it comprises the following components:
- Management of inventories
- Stock management and warehousing
- Order fulfilment, also known as order picking, packaging, and shipping, is the process of selecting, packing, and sending orders.
Individually, each of these components is a complicated maze of interconnectedness, and keeping them all operating smoothly together is no easy feat.
How Does eCommerce Logistics Works?
Inventory management, warehousing, packing, labelling, invoicing, shipping, payment collecting, return and exchange are just a few of the procedures that fall under the category of logistics. All of these factors combine to create a time-sensitive assignment that necessitates the implementation of a comprehensive approach.
Additionally, logistics demands in-depth knowledge of regions, routes, and road conditions as well as legislation governing the movement of products and transportation laws. The primary goal of establishing a logistics unit is to deliver items significantly more quickly, safely, and correctly than previously possible.
Logistics in an online company often includes the following steps:
1. Inventory management
Proper inventory management requires the use of effective tools to maintain tabs on all of the things that are being held. Using this approach, your digital business will have a simpler time keeping track of stock levels. You may also guess which products will sell better than the others.
Inventory management is based on the idea that companies should avoid running out of things without notice.. Trends in customer purchasing might provide you insight into how well your items will do in the near future.
Using actual warehouses to store, organise, and monitor things that haven’t been dispatched to consumers is known as warehousing.
Storage technology has advanced dramatically over the years. For the most part, these developments make it simpler for e-commerce companies to monitor inventories utilising warehouse management systems.
Traditional methods of warehouse management are labor-intensive and expensive.
3. Transportation and In-Transit Storage
When your order is manifested, it is picked up and sent to its ultimate destination. There are several types of logistical services that 3PL logistics businesses provide, but the majority of their effort is focused on properly delivering the order to its ultimate destination, which is the consumer.
The majority of logistics partners own and operate their own fleet of trucks, however, some may contract with other transportation and trucking businesses to provide their vehicles on a temporary basis. Many of them, provide air freight as an alternative. If your online business intends to send purchases overseas or across borders, you must consider transportation.
Some even provide storage and warehousing while in route, allowing goods to be securely kept for the night before continuing their trip. The resources they utilize to send orders may have an effect on both the speed and cost of delivery. Real-time tracking updates utilizing tech-enabled solutions may keep consumers enthusiastic about their purchase even if delivery has only just begun thanks to the logistics company’s tracking services.
4. Delivery Exceptions and the Last Mile
Logistic firms’ transportation services include the last leg, or “last mile,” of the delivery process. This is the portion of the route when orders are picked up from in-transit storage and delivered to clients. Delivery agents pick up orders from hubs and deliver them to customers in their own vehicles or fleets in last-mile delivery operations. Due to the difficulties and obstacles it encounters, last-mile delivery is often regarded as the most costly part of the delivery process.
Deliveries may be delayed owing to transportation or customs complications or delivery agencies may not be able to deliver the goods due to various factors during this time. Customers are less likely to cancel their orders if they can’t monitor them or if they are late if you use real-time tracking to keep them informed. NDRs are delivery efforts that failed on the first try (non-delivery reports).
5. Management of Refunds
Reverse logistics are just as crucial as forwarding logistics in the delivery process. eCommerce logistics includes figuring out how to cut down on returns and figuring out how to handle them such that the online company suffers little or no loss. RTOs, employ reverse logistics, although most of it is devoted to customer-initiated returns rather than those started by the customer themselves. A good returns management system is like an NDR management system in that it helps you keep track of failed deliveries and ensure that they are completed successfully.
Customers may submit return requests on the ClickPost front end, and eCommerce merchants can handle them on the back end. Return orders may be tracked in real-time by certain logistics providers, allowing you to see exactly where they are in the process of being redirected. When the returned order is picked up, only a few companies do quality inspections (QC services).
In this way, you can be certain that you’re returning the exact, undamaged item. As long as their return management system is in place, a logistics provider can guarantee that the vast majority of returned orders are securely delivered back to the warehouse from where they were originally sent.
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